Dickmanns 1994b :  Dynamic machine vision for real-world applications with off-the-shelf microprocessor and CCD-imaging hardware has become reality. Exploiting dynamical models from systems engineering in conjunction with 3-D shape models for objects, a remarkable increase in system performance has been achieved. Image evaluation rates of 12.5 or even 25 Hz allow processes in the dynamic range that can be handled by human operators to be controlled automatically by machine vision. Two application examples are discussed: 1. Road vehicle guidance on highways with normal traffic, and 2. autonomous aircraft landing approaches. In both cases, active bifocal vision with one wide-angle and one tele lens camera, mounted fixed relative to each other on a two-axis platform for viewing direction control, allows to improve performance considerably.
Both application examples can now be realized in a volume of about 30 liters of conventional transputer hardware.